A guide to egg donation

If the reason behind a person’s infertility issues is their inability to release healthy ovum, then their only recourse for reproduction other than surrogacy or adoption is to get an egg donor. During egg donation, a fertile woman donates an egg to an infertile woman for use in an assisted reproductive treatment such as IVF. The donor egg is fertilized in vitro and transferred to the recipient’s uterus for implantation and development.

A guide to egg donation

Some couples cannot have children because the female spouse cannot generate eggs, and no amount of medicines can induce her to do so. Donor eggs are required if:

  • The absence of typically functioning ovaries characterized by turner’s syndrome.
  • The ovaries were removed due to a tumor or cyst development, or endometriosis.
  • The ovaries have prematurely stopped functioning (premature ovarian failure)
  • Chemotherapy or radiation for other cancers
  • Abnormal genetic disorder in the female partner
  • The ovaries may be functional, but they are not ideal for egg recovery
  • The recovered eggs are not growing into normal embryos.

What are the steps in the egg donation process?

  • Preliminary conversation to determine the suitability
  • Screening examinations
  • Counseling on your own
  • Ovarian stimulation to generate a large number of eggs
  • The reaction to the stimulus is being monitored.
  • Hospitalization for a few hours to extract the eggs
  • The follow-up was to check that there were no complications with the surgery.

What are the qualifications for being an egg donor?

Before we select a woman for egg donation, we apply specific criteria. Usually, the lady giving her eggs should be

  • less than 32 years old
  • Ideally had a child and completed their family.
  • having no severe health conditions that might put her in danger
  • Have no genetic illness or infection that might be transmitted to the receiver of the eggs or a baby born due to the therapy.


Donor screening methods are well-established. A thorough medical history is collected, including any previous or present history of physical or mental disorders. Details about their prior pregnancies are sought, especially if they had any issues conceiving or carrying a child. It is critical that we know whether any abnormal kids were born in the donor’s family or to the donor—abnormalities that might be passed down to future generations through the eggs. In addition to these specifics, donors are checked for the following:

  • Blood type
  • Hormonal or chromosomal abnormalities
  • STDs
  • Virus Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  • Ultrasound of the cervix
  • Cystic fibrosis carrier gene

The screening tests and findings will take roughly six weeks to complete.

What are the required screening tests for the recipient?

Egg donation is only useful for women who have:

  • A healthy uterus (womb) capable of supporting a pregnancy
  • The male or partner has sperm capable of fertilizing the eggs
  • They are healthy and do not have viral illnesses, such as rubella, CMV, HIV, and hepatitis

What are the risks of egg donation?

The risks for egg donation are very minor. Some examples are:

  • Infection of the cervix
  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
  • Blood clots

At the World IVF Center, our priority is to ensure that you are receiving the best and most suitable treatment for you. Book your appointment for infertility at the World IVF Center, one of the best fertility centres in Delhi.

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