Fertility preservation for men and women
Cancer and Fertility Preservation
Patients who get cancer therapies such as radiation or chemotherapy are more likely to have fertility problems. Patients with ferti leukemia, lymphomas, sarcomas, systemic lupus erythematosus, acute glomerulonephritis, and behcet’s disease may benefit from fertility preservation. Reduced fertility or premature ovarian failure are also recognised side effects of these medicines.
As part of our fertility preservation programme, we offer Oocyte, Sperm, and Embryo Vitrification, as well as Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation and Oocyte In Vitro Maturation.
Women’s Fertility Preservation
Cancer occurs at a rate of 4% among women under the age of 45. Furthermore, this age group appears to account for 15% of all breast cancer cases. Another prevalent illness is cervical cancer. Chemotherapy, radiation, and major surgery have improved this group’s survival rate to 81 percent. However, these treatments have been shown to either slow down or harm oocyte or sperm production, resulting in sterility in the patient.
Before having these therapies, women can now choose to preserve their fertility. This approach preserves the proper tissue and addresses the infertility concerns that these therapies can cause.
Women in the following situations should consider fertility preservation:
- Prior to chemo/radiation treatments for cancer, leukemias, lymphomas, and other diseases;
- Prior to receiving any further medical treatment for hepatitis, autoimmune disorders, lupus, and other conditions,
- Prior to ovaries or major sections of ovaries being surgically removed.
- Physiological ageing (of the ovary);
- Individuals exposed to risks such as radiation, lead, pesticides, fertilisers, and heat from furnaces develop premature ovarian ageing (POA).
Men and Fertility Preservation
- Semen cryopreservation, in which sperms are stored before starting cancer treatments like chemotherapy or radiotherapy, is the oldest and most successful approach for preserving fertility in male cancer survivors. Cryopreservation of testicular tissue is another option, in which testicular tissue is frozen. After that, the tissue can be thawed and the sperm retrieved for use with eggs to generate embryos. The key to preserving the fertility of cancer patients is timely consultation to get the best male infertility treatment in Delhi and beginning of the procedure.
In the following situations, men should consider fertility preservation:
- Prior to chemo/radiation treatments for cancer, leukaemia, lymphoma, and other diseases,
- Other medical therapies for hepatitis, autoimmune illnesses, arthritis, and other conditions should come first.
- Before removing the testicles or substantial portions of the testicles surgically,
- Individuals who are exposed to radiation, lead, pesticides, fertilisers, and the heat from furnaces
Options for Fertility Preservation
- Cryobiology advancements have aided in the evolution of the notion of fertility preservation. Oocytes, sperm, embryos, and testicular tissue can all be cryopreserved and used for fertilisation later.we cryopreserve diverse reproductive tissues using a unique process called VITRIFICATION. Vitrification has been shown to be an effective, simple, economical, and quick treatment that results in higher survival and developmental rates than alternative methods.
Vitrification of Oocytes
Egg freezing by VITRIFICATION is a safety net where a woman’s eggs are preserved and used later when she wants to get pregnant naturally with her own genetic material. In most parts of India, this treatment is not yet available.
Cryopreservation of Embryos
This is the most effective method for giving the couple the option to start a family. Women’s eggs are fertilised with their husband’s sperm and then stored, so the embryos can be used when the couple is ready to start a family.
Ovarian Transplantation is a procedure that involves the transplantation of an ova
Cryopreservation of a tiny amount of ovarian tissue is used in ovarian transplantation. When a pregnancy is wanted, the tissue is thawed and re implanted. This is still a novel technique that hasn’t proven to be very effective. However, with the advancement of technology, this procedure will undoubtedly produce fantastic outcomes in the future.
Freezing of sperm
Semen is collected and combined with an equal amount of cryoprotectant (a substance that protects sperm cells from cryo-damage) before being frozen in liquid nitrogen.