How to deal with male infertility
What factors contribute to male infertility?
A variety of biological and environmental factors have an impact on your fertility. Some possibilities are:
- Azoospermia: Your infertility may be caused by a lack of sperm cell production.
- Oligospermia is the production of low-quality sperm.
- Klinefelter’s syndrome, myotonic dystrophy, microdeletion, and other genetic illnesses are examples.
- Malformed sperm: Sperm that is unable to survive long enough to fertilise the egg.
- Some medical conditions include: Diabetes, autoimmune illnesses, cystic fibrosis, and infections
- Some drugs and supplements.
- Varicoceles are a disorder in which the veins on your testicles are larger than normal, causing them to overheat and affecting the form or amount of your sperm.
- Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery to remove the testicles (one or both).
- Unhealthy habits include excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, illegal drug usage, and use of anabolic steroids.
- Testicular trauma
- Hormonal disorders: Disorders affecting the brain or pituitary glands can cause infertility.
What are the signs and symptoms of infertility in men?
The symptom is infertility itself. However, describing the negative psychological and emotional effects of infertility on a couple that desires to have children is far more challenging. Many times, producing a kid becomes their whole purpose in life. Depression, loss, sadness, inadequacy, and failure are frequent in both males and females desiring pregnancy.
Individuals or couples who are experiencing any of these feelings may wish to seek professional assistance from healthcare specialists such as a therapist or psychiatrist who has dealt with infertility issues. Such services can assist you in dealing with the problem realistically and provide support even when you are undergoing therapy.
The diagnosis process begins with a thorough physical examination to establish your overall health and discover any physical issues that may be interfering with your fertility. Your healthcare professional may also do a sexual behaviours interview with both you and your spouse. If the physical examination and history reveal no reason for your inability to conceive, testing to determine the cause of infertility may be recommended.
Male infertility diagnosis
In order to investigate possible infertility, testing must be performed on both the male and his spouse.
- Physical examination – including a medical history – may be required to diagnose male infertility.
- Semen analysis is examining a sample of a man’s sperm in a laboratory for abnormalities and the presence of antibodies.
- Blood tests are used to determine hormone levels.
- A fine needle and a microscope are used to examine the network of tubes within the testicles to discover if they contain any sperm.
- Ultrasound scans – used to photograph reproductive organs such as the prostate gland.
Male infertility prevention
- Avoid smoking if you want to boost your fertility.
- Alcoholic beverages and recreational substances
- Infections that are transmitted by sexual contact
- Heat stress caused by tight-fitting underwear anabolic steroids (used for body-building or sporting objectives)
Male infertility treatment
There are no treatments that can improve a man’s sperm quality. However, with the existing sperm quality, several approaches can be used to boost the chances of pregnancy.
Even if they are unable to fertilise their partner’s eggs during sexual intercourse, many men have enough sperm to accomplish so in a test tube. In most circumstances, assisted reproductive technologies can benefit the couple (ART).
- Surgery is one of the reproductive procedures offered to infertile males.
- Hormone replacement treatment
- In-vitro fertilisation is a type of artificial insemination (IVF)
- I.C.S.I. stands for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
- Male infertility surgery
Varicocele, or bloating of the veins inside the testicles, may affect fertility. This disease is treatable surgically.
The tubes that transport sperm inside the male reproductive system may become blocked, maybe as a result of injury or vasectomy. The blockage can be surgically removed and the tubes repaired in some circumstances.
If surgery is not successful, the male may be subjected to a second surgical operation known as percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA). A thin needle is placed into the epididymis while under local anaesthesia. Sperm is extracted and either immediately used for ICSI or frozen for later use.
Male infertility can be treated with hormone therapy.
The pituitary gland in the brain secretes gonadotropin hormones, which encourage the testicles to create sperm. Male infertility is caused by insufficient amounts of these gonadotropins in a minority number of individuals. The use of these hormones as a medicine may increase sperm production.
Male infertility can be treated by artificial insemination.
The man’s sperm is collected, cleansed, and concentrated before being injected via the cervix into his partner’s uterus. When the concentration of sperm in a man’s sperm is low, this option may be picked.
The male suffers from functional issues such as impotence.
Antibodies against the man’s sperm can be found in his seminal fluid.
The woman’s cervical mucus obstructs sperm transport.
Male infertility treated with in-vitro fertilisation (IVF).
In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is the process of conceiving outside of the human body. The man’s sperm is harvested and placed in a special incubator. Ovulation induction (hormonal stimulation of the ovaries) is performed on the lady, and eggs are collected. This is done using ultrasonography to guide the procedure through the vagina.
The eggs are combined with the sperm and placed in a special incubator. The fertilised eggs mature into embryos, which are placed into the woman’s uterus via a tiny tube put through the cervix.
Male infertility treated with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Sometimes there aren’t enough (or there aren’t enough structurally normal) sperm in the sperm to allow IVF to work. In certain circumstances, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be employed.
The eggs are extracted from the woman’s ovaries and each is fertilised with a single sperm. The fertilised eggs mature into embryos, which are then placed in the uterus at the appropriate moment. Schedule your appointment with World IVF infertility treatment in Delhi.