Why should you be wary of hypertension during pregnancy?
Your blood pressure is a measurement of how hard your blood presses against the walls of your blood vessels. It’s usually measured in two numbers: the top (systolic) is the pressure while the heart is pumping, and the bottom (diastolic) is the pressure between each beat. For infertility treatment, Delhi book your appointment at World IVF center.
When you are pregnant, your blood pressure is deemed high if the diastolic pressure is 140 or higher or the systolic pressure is 90 or higher (defined as “140 over 90”). Hypertension is also a term for high blood pressure. For IVF treatment in Delhi/NCR, contact World IVF center.
Seek medical assistance right once if you have high blood pressure during pregnancy, as well as:
- an excruciating headache
- vision hazard
- Swelling of the face, hands, and feet that occurs suddenly
- a nagging discomfort in your upper abdomen (just below the ribs)
- There are several forms of elevated blood pressure in pregnancy.
During pregnancy, there are three forms of elevated blood pressure:
Chronic hypertension occurs when you already have high blood pressure before being pregnant, such as if you had a medical condition such as renal disease. Chronic hypertension is also defined as elevated blood pressure detected throughout the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. When pregnant, some women with persistent hypertension may develop preeclampsia.
Pregnancy-induced hypertension: High blood pressure detected after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is also known as ‘gestational hypertension.’
Preeclampsia is a dangerous disorder that exclusively affects pregnant women. In addition to high blood pressure, it may harm the kidneys, liver, blood, and brain.
What factors contribute to high blood pressure during pregnancy?
Any pregnant woman may have high blood pressure; however, you are at a higher risk if:
- You have a history of preeclampsia.
- Pre-eclampsia has been diagnosed in close relatives.
- You already suffer from a medical issue such as renal disease, diabetes, or persistent hypertension.
- You are above 40 years old.
- You are overweight.
- You’re expecting twins or more.
Is it possible that high blood pressure may harm the baby?
High blood pressure during pregnancy might obstruct blood flow to the placenta. Because the baby does not get enough nutrition or oxygen, they are more likely to be delivered prematurely or with low birth weight.
As a result, high blood pressure must be detected and treated as soon as possible.
What are the consequences of high blood pressure for a mother?
- Untreated hypertension during pregnancy raises the risk of placental abruption, premature labour, gestational diabetes, and stillbirth.
- Women who are hypertensive during pregnancy are more likely to have hypertension and heart disease later in life.
- High blood pressure treatments
Your blood pressure will be checked on a regular basis by your doctor or midwife. If you have high blood pressure, you should:
- consume a nutritious diet
- Regular exercise is essential.
- ensure that you are of a healthy weight
If your high blood pressure is caused by a medical condition, such as renal disease, you should see your doctor to see whether those medicines are safe to use during pregnancy.
Medication and thorough monitoring of both you and the baby may help you manage preeclampsia. However, things may swiftly deteriorate. If this occurs, you may need to travel to the hospital or have the baby delivered sooner than expected.
How high blood pressure affects labour and delivery
If you have high blood pressure, your pregnancy will be constantly monitored for both you and your baby. The baby’s heart will be continually checked during labor, and you may be given fluids and drugs via an intravenous drip. If your condition appears to be deteriorating during delivery, you may require an emergency cesarean section.
If you have preeclampsia, it is usually recommended that you have the baby in a large maternity hospital where both mother and baby can receive expert care. It could indicate that the baby was born prematurely or is smaller than expected.
Is it normal for blood pressure to stay high after giving birth?
When the baby is born, high blood pressure usually goes away. However, complications may occur during the first few days after birth, and you will need to be closely monitored for several weeks.
Women who have high blood pressure due to another condition (chronic hypertension) should see their doctor to ensure that their blood pressure returns to normal.
Are there any implications for future pregnancies?
Having high blood pressure during pregnancy does not guarantee that you will develop high blood pressure in subsequent pregnancies. Your risk, however, is enhanced if you have a medical condition such as hypertension, renal illness, diabetes, or lupus.